➊ Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis
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A portable sundial can be used as a more accurate instrument than a watch for determining the cardinal directions. Since the design of a sundial takes account of the latitude of the observer, it can be used at any latitude. See: Sundial Using a sundial as a compass. Astronomy provides a method for finding direction at night. All the stars appear to lie on the imaginary Celestial sphere.
Because of the rotation of the Earth, the Celestial Sphere appears to rotate around an axis passing through the North and South poles of the Earth. This axis intersects the Celestial Sphere at the North and South Celestial poles , which appear to the observer to lie directly above due North and South respectively on the horizon. In either hemisphere, observations of the night sky show that the visible stars appear to be moving in circular paths, caused by the rotation of the Earth. This is best seen in a long exposure photograph , which is obtained by locking the shutter open for most of the intensely dark part of a moonless night. The resulting photograph reveals a multitude of concentric arcs portions of perfect circles from which the exact center can be readily derived, and which corresponds to the Celestial pole , which lies directly above the position of the true pole North or South on the horizon.
A published photograph exposed for nearly 8 hours demonstrates this effect. The Northern Celestial pole is currently but not permanently within a fraction of 1 degree of the bright star Polaris. The exact position of the pole changes over thousands of years because of the precession of the equinoxes. Polaris is also known as the North Star , and is generically called a pole star or lodestar. Polaris is only visible during fair weather at night to inhabitants of the Northern Hemisphere. The asterism " Big Dipper " may be used to find Polaris. The 2 corner stars of the "pan" those opposite from the handle point above the top of the "pan" to Polaris.
While observers in the Northern hemisphere can use the star Polaris to determine the Northern celestial pole, the Octans constellation's South Star is hardly visible enough to use for navigation. For this reason, the preferred alternative is to use the constellation Crux The Southern Cross. The southern celestial pole lies at the intersection of a the line along the long axis of crux i. At the very end of the 19th century, in response to the development of battleships with large traversable guns that affected magnetic compasses, and possibly to avoid the need to wait for fair weather at night to precisely verify one's alignment with true north , the gyrocompass was developed for shipboard use.
Since it finds true, rather than magnetic, north, it is immune to interference by local or shipboard magnetic fields. Its major disadvantage is that it depends on technology that many individuals might find too expensive to justify outside the context of a large commercial or military operation. It also requires a continuous power supply for its motors, and that it can be allowed to sit in one location for a period of time while it properly aligns itself. Near the end of the 20th century, the advent of satellite-based Global Positioning Systems GPS provided yet another means for any individual to determine true north accurately.
The government agencies responsible for the satellites continuously monitor and adjust them to maintain their accurate alignment with the Earth. In contrast with the gyrocompass which is most accurate when stationary, the GPS receiver, if it has only one antenna, must be moving, typically at more than 0. On ships and aircraft, GPS receivers are often equipped with two or more antennas, separately attached to the vehicle.
The exact latitudes and longitudes of the antennas are determined, which allows the cardinal directions to be calculated relative to the structure of the vehicle. Within these limitations GPSRs are considered both accurate and reliable. The GPSR has thus become the fastest and most convenient way to obtain a verifiable alignment with the cardinal directions. The directional names are routinely associated with the degrees of rotation in the unit circle , a necessary step for navigational calculations derived from trigonometry and for use with Global Positioning Satellite GPS receivers.
The four cardinal directions correspond to the following degrees of a compass:. The intercardinal intermediate, or, historically, ordinal  directions are the four intermediate compass directions located halfway between each pair of cardinal directions. With the cardinal points thus accurately defined, by convention cartographers draw standard maps with north N at the top , and east E at the right. In turn, maps provide a systematic means to record where places are, and cardinal directions are the foundation of a structure for telling someone how to find those places.
North does not have to be at the top. Most maps in medieval Europe , for example, placed east E at the top. In Canada, New Zealand, and the United States, each direction of travel along a numbered highway is assigned a cardinal direction. This cardinal direction may not necessarily match the road's orientation at every given location see Wrong-way concurrency. Cardinal directions or cardinal points may sometimes be extended to include elevation altitude , depth : north , south , east , west , up and down, or mathematically the six directions of the x-, y-, and z-axes in three-dimensional space.
Topographic maps include elevation, typically via contour lines. In astronomy , the cardinal points of an astronomical body as seen in the sky are four points defined by the directions towards which the celestial poles lie relative to the center of the disk of the object in the sky. The North point will then be the point on the limb that is closest to the North celestial pole. Similarly, a line from the center to the South celestial pole will define the South point by its intersection with the limb. The points at right angles to the North and South points are the East and West points. Going around the disk clockwise from the North point, one encounters in order the West point, the South point, and then the East point.
This is opposite to the order on a terrestrial map because one is looking up instead of down. Similarly, when describing the location of one astronomical object relative to another, "north" means closer to the North celestial pole, "east" means at a higher right ascension , "south" means closer to the South celestial pole, and "west" means at a lower right ascension. If one is looking at two stars that are below the North Star, for example, the one that is "east" will actually be further to the left. During the Migration Period , the Germanic names for the cardinal directions entered the Romance languages , where they replaced the Latin names borealis or septentrionalis with north, australis or meridionalis with south, occidentalis with west and orientalis with east.
It is possible that some northern people used the Germanic names for the intermediate directions. Medieval Scandinavian orientation would thus have involved a 45 degree rotation of cardinal directions. In many regions of the world, prevalent winds change direction seasonally, and consequently many cultures associate specific named winds with cardinal and intercardinal directions. For example, classical Greek culture characterized these winds as Anemoi. In pre-modern Europe more generally, between eight and 32 points of the compass — cardinal and intercardinal directions — were given names.
These often corresponded to the directional winds of the Mediterranean Sea for example, southeast was linked to the Sirocco , a wind from the Sahara. Particular colors are associated in some traditions with the cardinal points. These are typically " natural colors " of human perception rather than optical primary colors. Many cultures, especially in Asia , include the center as a fifth cardinal point. Central Asian , Eastern European and North East Asian cultures frequently have traditions associating colors with four or five cardinal points. Systems with five cardinal points four directions and the center include those from pre-modern China , as well as traditional Turkic , Tibetan and Ainu cultures.
In Chinese tradition, the five cardinal point system is related to I Ching , the Wu Xing and the five naked-eye planets. In traditional Chinese astrology , the zodiacal belt is divided into the four constellation groups corresponding to the directions. Each direction is often identified with a color, and at least in China with a mythological creature of that color. Geographical or ethnic terms may contain the name of the color instead of the name of the corresponding direction. South: Red ; Summer; Fire. West: White ; Autumn; Metal. North: Black ; Winter; Water. Center: Yellow ; Earth. Additionally, Al Wusta is used for the center.
In Mesoamerica and North America , a number of traditional indigenous cosmologies include four cardinal directions and a center. Some may also include "above" and "below" as directions, and therefore focus on a cosmology of seven directions. Each direction may be associated with a color, which can vary widely between nations, but which is usually one of the basic colors found in nature and natural pigments, such as black, red, white, and yellow, with occasional appearances of blue, green, or other hues.
Each of the ten directions has its own name in Sanskrit. Some indigenous Australians have cardinal directions deeply embedded in their culture. For example, the Warlpiri people have a cultural philosophy deeply connected to the four cardinal directions  and the Guugu Yimithirr people use cardinal directions rather than relative direction even when indicating the position of an object close to their body. For more information, see: Cultural use of cardinal rather than relative direction. The precise direction of the cardinal points appears to be important in Aboriginal stone arrangements. Many aboriginal languages contain words for the usual four cardinal directions, but some contain words for 5 or even 6 cardinal directions.
In some languages , such as Estonian , Finnish and Breton , the intercardinal directions have names that are not compounds of the names of the cardinal directions as, for instance, northeast is compounded from north and east. In Estonian, those are kirre northeast , kagu southeast , edel southwest , and loe northwest , in Finnish koillinen northeast , kaakko southeast , lounas southwest , and luode northwest.
However, southeast has a special word: tenggara. North is associated with the Himalayas and heaven while the south is associated with the underworld or land of the fathers Pitr loka. The directions are named by adding "disha" to the names of each god or entity: e. Indradisha direction of Indra or Pitrdisha direction of the forefathers i. The Hopi language and the Tewa dialect spoken by the Arizona Tewa have proper names for the solstitial directions, which are approximately intercardinal, rather than for the cardinal directions.
Use of the compass directions is common and deeply embedded in European and Chinese culture see south-pointing chariot. Some other cultures make greater use of other referents, such as towards the sea or towards the mountains Hawaii , Bali , or upstream and downstream most notably in ancient Egypt , also in the Yurok and Karuk languages. Lengo Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands has four non-compass directions: landward, seaward, upcoast, and downcoast. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Directions of north, east, south and west. For other uses, see Cardinal point disambiguation. This section has multiple issues. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Luckily, the book follows this definition and breaks it down in a way that is easier to understand. Deutscher discusses a scenario where two people, with only one whose language uses cardinal directions, are staying at a hotel in separate rooms that are across the hall from each other.
For someone used to egocentric directions, the two rooms would appear identical, since the objects in the hotel would be on the same body side. Meaning, upon entering either hotel room, the bathroom would to their left, the bed to the right, and the kitchen straight ahead. Conversely, a speaker of cardinal directions would feel like he entered a mirrored world if he went into one hotel room and then the next afterwards. Upon entering a hotel room on the opposite side of the hall, he would claim that the bathroom was now to the east instead of west, his bed from west to east, and his kitchen from north to south !
Brown says the fort is also noteworthy for its smooth red sandstone exterior masonry. The palace plan follows typical Islamic style as do all other mughal palaces, since various sections of the palace are separated by large courtyards and gardens, unlike Rajput palaces which were internally connected by corridors. Ames Room The Ames room is an optical illusion where as one object at the end of the room appears to be small while the second object appears to be bigger than the first object. However; in reality the back wall of the room is tilted and tricks the naked eye to make people assume that the entire room is the same size and that nothing is wrong with the way the area looks.
The Ames room is a deformed trapezoidal room; however, the strange thing is that when someone takes a look inside the room, the walls look parallel and everything seems to be fine. The reason to why society views the room to be ordinary is because the brain has a built-in assumption that the walls of rooms are usually parallel and it is something everyone has grown up with throughout our whole lives. In his essay, Johnson mentions that the city of Manchester did not just come up like that, but rather became a reality through a gradual process consisting of several factors.
After the building of Manchester, Johnson asserts "how difficult it is to think in models of self-organization, to imagine a world without pacemakers" Johnson, Without self-organization and pacemaker, Manchester would not have been able to be built. Self-organization refers to a collective effort , which emerges from structural relationships and a border that delimits it from its environment. To somewhat contradiction and agreement, Sacks states "some areas of the visual cortex may be reallocated and used to process sound and touch" Sacks, Thomas Wolfe was born on October 3, , in Asheville, North Carolina to a stonecutter and a boarding house owner.
Wolfe married twice before marrying the mother of his eight children. However, once indoors, the topic gets a little muddier. In a public space like a train station, hotel lobby, a saloon or a public dance hall, the hat usually remained on. However, in more respectable spaces like restaurants the hats would be removed before taking one 's seat.
Proper sorts of establishments provided convenient pegs upon which hats and other impedimenta could be hung. Baker observes that Albert Camus dealt with the theme of absurdity in his works because of which he is an existential writer. Albert Camus, a prominent French novelist and philosopher who vehemently and explicitly denied existential thoughts and one who was completely opposed to existentialism is classified as a prominent existentialist.
Camus was preoccupied with issues such as meaningless of life, absurdity, irrationality, etc. He believed that in. The boundary definer will interrupt the sequence of movement along a path. It creates a transition from public to private spaces. Examples of real barriers are a U-shaped apartment, high walls, fence, gates and doors; whereas symbolic barriers can be shrubs, open gateways, steps short-run or changing in walking surface's texture and materials.
Both real and symbolic barriers serve the same purpose. While they play just as important a role in everyday spaces, they are often left out of design considerations. Touch, smell, and other sensations are key in what we call experience. They are the receptors with which we move through and understand space. These sensory signals have a large impact on our relationship and experience of an environment because they are able to physically and emotionally engage and connect us to the architecture. I will undertake administrative responsibility, while displaying maturity and empathy towards others. These core values shape the mission and vision of the Resident Staff Program. Please choose one of the six core values and explain how you would be able to embody this core value as a Resident Advisor.Faces can be designed Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis a Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis of shapes, such as circle for designing Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis and curves for designing. Categories : Orientation geometry. Views Read Edit Case Study On Atlantic Waste Management history. Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis example, most. In pre-modern Girls Basketball Camps Research Paper more generally, between eight and 32 points of the Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis — cardinal and intercardinal directions — were given names. Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis Facebook Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis. It taught how the variation of line Cardinal Direction Rhetorical Analysis emphasizes aspects of the figure.